Manaslu Conservation Area (MCA) with an area of
1,663 km 2, covers seven Village Development Committees
(VDC) of Gorkha District. They are Samagaun, Lho,
Prok, Bihi, Chumchet, Chhekampar and Sirdibas.
MCA with a population of over 9,000 people, is
actively managed by the King Mahendra Trust for
Nature Conservation . The araea harbors some 11
forest types, well over 29 species of mammals
and 200 species of birds. As cultural perspective
is pivotal in the motivation of the resident people
in the Manaslu region, lamas from monasteries
like Shringi Gompa in Bihi, Mu and Rachen Gompa
have prohibited the locals to hunt wildlife. This
has helped the wildlife and their habitat including
the snow leopard, Tibetan wolf, musk deer, blue
sheep and Himalayan Tahr.
Most of the villages
do not have safe drinking water supply or electricity.
Education and health services are almost non-existent.
Marginal agriculture, and animal husbandry are
the main stay. Dependency on natural resources
is on the rise. The management has opened several
kerosene depots, trained villagers as certified
medical assistants and lodge managers and has
brought several development-related activities.